History of the Biewer Yorkie
accurately describe the history of the Biewer Yorkie we will have to start
with the development of the Yorkshire Terrier. The Yorkshire Terrier origin
begins in England in 1886 in the districts of Yorkshire but whose ancestry
is of half Scotland descent. For the purpose of this article we feel the
need to revert back to the dogs that were used to develop the breed so
a clear understanding is achieved as to the breeds used and their role
in the development of the dog we know today.
The first unofficial named breed to be associated with the Yorkshire
Terrier was the Waterside Terrier so named for the river banks at the
rivers and canals where it's origin began. The Waterside Terrier was
a larger terrier than what the Yorkshire Terrier is today reportedly
weighing up to 20 pounds with the fur of shimmering blue/black with
the tan markings on the head. The Waterside Terrier is known today as
the Airedale Terrier whose beginnings can be traced back as far as 1853.
Around 1864 the Airedale was referred to as Working, Waterside or Bingley
Terriers. They were shown in ever increasing entries at agricultural
shows during the infancy of dog shows.
The Skye Terrier originated centuries ago on the Isle of Skye, Scotland.
Their origin is connected with a shipwreck in the early 1600's in the
Scottish Hebrides. Several Maltese type dogs that survived the wreck
were bred with what is reported to be local Terrier type dogs on the
Island of Skye . The Skye's short, sturdy legs made it a candidate for
burrowing to locate underground vermin and it's double coat served it
well as protection from injury and fail weather. They were originally
used to control vermin but are used today primarily for companions.
The Skye's weight can be up to 25 pounds. The breed was first shown
in England in 1864. The first registered Skye with AKC was in 1887.
The breed was quite popular in the mid-1800's when Queen Victoria took
a fancy to the breed. It should also be noted that the Cairn Terrier
was known at the turn of the century as "Short-haired Skye Terrier"
or "Prick Earred Terrier".
When the Scott's migrated to England during the mining days of the
19th Century during the Industrial Revolution, they brought with them
what were called "Scotch Terriers" later classified as Skye
Terrier and the Paisley Terrier (also called Clydesdale Terrier). These
two breeds were used to cross with the Waterside Terrier through careful
selection to begin 1 bloodline toward the development of what became
known today as the Yorkshire Terrier.
The Skye Terrier and Clysdale/Paisley Terrier were one and the same
until the 1880's when they were divided into separate breeds based on
hair coat texture. While the Skye Terrier continued to survive the Clysdale/Paisley
did not favor as well and became extinct.
The Clysdale/Paisley strains were the ones probably used the most in
the development of the Yorkshire Terrier due to their silkier, long
and straight hair coat seen in the Yorkshire Terrier today. The Clysdale/Paisley
also had the erect ear set covered with long silky fringed hair.
In later years it is reported that the black/tan terrier known today
as Manchester Terrier was introduced into the breed by the Scott's using
the Skye - black and tan terrier crosses and crossing them with the
Waterside Terrier. This black/tan terrier was referred to as a crossbred
terrier dark brown in color. This could answer the age ole question
of how "Chocolate Yorkshire Terriers" can occur. This could
very well be the limited gene pool for which the Chocolate Yorkies seen
today are produced from.
Laws passed in the 11th century required a dog that was owned by the
simple people of England to be hunted to be able to fit through a 7
inch diameter tire. Selective breeding was begun at this time to downsize
this versatile yet tenacious dog so that it would be within the limit
of the law. These dog held by the simple people to obey the law were
the beginning of the ancestry for the Yorkshire Terrier and were used
to hunt rabbits, and catch rats and mice.
In 1866 these dogs were registered by The Kennel Club (known as AKC
today) as "Broken Haired Scotch Terrier" and later changed
to be registered as "Yorkshire Terrier" in the year 1874.
Yorkshire was given due to the district of Yorkshire where the dog had
the beginning of it's roots and terrier from the Latin term "terra"
IT was not until the 19th century that terriers were given breed distinction.
Prior to 1800 they were labeled as to hair coat/texture/length and placed
into loose groups of rough/hard-haired, broken coated, long-legged and
It is quite amazing that the smallest documented dog in the world through
the Guinness Book of World Records is a 4 ounce Yorkshire Terrier but
yet it's origin started from the largest of all the terrier breeds nicknamed
"The King of Terriers" the Airedale Terrier. The recorded
dog was at the age of 2 years and stood 2.5 inches at the withers and
measured 3 3/4 inches from tip of nose to root of tail. He was owned
by Arthur Marples of Blackburn, Great Britain and died in 1945.
The Kennel Club was created in April of 1873 and was later changed
to American Kennel Club in 1884.
The Broken-Haired Scotch Terrier was bench shown in England in 1861,
shown through The Kennel Club in 1872 and became an officially recognized
breed in 1878 by The Kennel Club.
The first Broken Haired Scotch Terrier came to America in the early
1870's. It was first shown in America in 1872.
It was during the 1870's that the weight standard was downsized from
up to 12 pounds to 3 to 7 pounds in size.
The first known Broken-Haired Scotch Terrier was Huddersfield Ben,
Registration # 3612 and lived from 1865-1871. "Ben" is considered
the foundation dog for the later recognized Yorkshire Terrier and produced
many outstanding offspring in his too-short lifetime. Ben was shown
in Manchester in 1869. Ben died on September 23, 1871 at the wheels
of a buggy. He was sired by "Old Bouncer" and his dam was
"Lady". Ben was bred by Mr. W. Eastwood of Huddeersfield and
owned by a Bradford woman by the name of Mrs. M.A. Fowler. Ben won over
70 shows and was also a champion on the rat-catching scale as well.
The earliest record of a Yorkshire Terrier born in the United States
was in 1872 being a dog called Jack bred by J. Marriot and sired by
Havelock Ex Jessie.
In the early years as far back as 1872 they were shown in two classes
being "over 5 pounds" and "not exceeding 5 pounds".
The original breed standard was for the dogs to be allowed to weigh
up to 12 pounds.
The first Yorkshire Terrier shown at Westminster was in 1878.
The first Yorkshire Terrier club formed in the UK was in 1898.
The first French Yorkshire Terrier Club was formed in 1953.
The Yorkshire Terrier was recognized by UKC - United Kennel Club in
The Yorkshire Terrier Club of America was accepted in 1958 as the parent
club for AKC.
The Yorkshire Terrier was not on the top of the popularity breed chart
until the 1960's. It was during this time that the Yorkshire Terrier
became widely recognized and show enthusiast and breed clubs took interest
and formed. It was also at this time that the 12 pound and under Yorkshire
Terrier was at it's best in health and physical abilities.
AKC has said that the first Yorkshire Terrier made it's first appearance
at a bench show in England in 1861 known as "broken-haired Scotch
Terrier" . Since the breed was first recognized as "broken-haired
Scotch Terrier" we are led to believe that the Scott's did indeed
have a hand in it's development.
The Biewer Yorkie originated in Germany in 1984 and was a belted/banded
genetic recessive gene occurrence exhibiting a specific banded/stripped
offspring reportedly produced by Gertrud and Werner Biewer's Yorkshire
Terriers. The sire and dam of the first recognized Biewer Yorkie were
reportedly "Darling of Friedheck" and "Frufru of Friedheck"
The Biewer's saw this little dog with it's white markings as extraordinarily
attractive and began the selective breeding process to produce more.
The Biewer's named these little dogs with their white base coat "Biewer
Yorkshire a la Pom Pon". Thus the beginning of the Biewer Yorkies
as we know them today.
The first German Biewer Yorkshire club was established on May 24, 2003.
The Biewer Yorkie was recognized as a breed unto itself long before
this date though when the general public recognized it unofficially
as a breed.
The Biewer Yorkshire is bred, registered and shown in other countries
and is on the top of the popularity list for the United States. Few
registries in the United States as this date have acknowledge the Biewer
Yorkshire as a breed. The American Canine Registry is one of the few
and the first United States known registry that does recognize the Biewer
as a breed and is helping to promote the breed in the United States
and throughout the world by the breed name of "Biewer Yorkie".
The American Canine Registry formed the Biewer Yorkie Association on
May 15, 2003 preparing to set in place breed standards and other club
necessities and applied for recognition in 2004 to be the Biewer Breed
Club for ACR.
The Biewer was originally a banded/belted genetic recessive gene occurrence
from 2 Yorkshire Terriers but unscrupulous breeders have tried to match
the looks of the Biewer Yorkshire by crossing the Yorkshire Terrier
and the Shih-Tzu. The crossing will produce the parti/piebald white
markings from the Shih-Tzu influence after the second generation but
these crossbred dogs would take generations before they would produce
the hair coat and the facial features seen in the Biewer Yorkshire.
If the dog being presented to you as a Biewer Yorkshire has wavy and/or
course hair, or the facial features or body style of the Shih-Tzu then
it's highly unlikely that it is a TRUE purebred Biewer Yorkie.
The AKC registers what is a close anomaly to the Biewer as Tri-color
Yorkshire Terriers but the markings of the Tri-color are not as distinctive
in pattern as the Biewer Yorkie bloodlines from Germany. AKC however
does not allow the showing of the Tri-color Yorkies and AKC's Yorkshire
Terrier breed club's standards shows it as a disqualification and the
clubs policies consider it unethical to reproduce the Tri-color Yorkies.
The Biewer Yorkie Association is the first and only known United States
Biewer Yorkie Club that formed in order to promote, educate, document,
register and propagate the Stripped/Banded patterned Yorkie in the United
States by starting a foundation registry by which verifiable, pedigreed
& purebred Yorkshire Terriers & Biewer Yorkies may be bred together
to produce the Stripped/Banded Patterned Yorkies through F1-F2 crosses
and their linage documented for the purpose of receiving full recognition
It should be noted that the Scottish Terrier, the Skye Terrier, the
Dandie Dinmont, the Cairn Terrier, and the West Highland White Terrier
are all kissing cousins. All of these breeds share the same beginnings.
It should also be noted that as of to date all of the Stripped/Spotted/Banded
bloodlines have been traced back to one kennel in England including
those of German lineage.
BY: Nancy Anderson